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Blogs and Articles

The Myth of “Green and Clean” Renewable Energy

By: Dr. David R. Legates, Advisory Board Member, A Better Delaware

Delaware is embarking on an ambitious plan to reach NetZero—zero emissions of carbon dioxide—by 2050 and reduce emissions by half by 2030.  The Legislature has already begun to propose numerous proposals to enact draconian legislation to achieve this goal including HB99, passed in 2023, which blames carbon dioxide for potentially disastrous climate change.

Some Delawareans, based on a somewhat one-sided information flow, believe that even if carbon dioxide emissions are not responsible for changes in our climate, reducing our dependence on oil, gas, petroleum, and other forms of fossil fuels will be good for the environment.

As a result, Delaware’s farmlands in Kent and Sussex Counties are being covered by solar panels. Proposals to construct offshore wind turbines and to run their new power lines through our state park or Fenwick Island to connect to the electric grid are being proposed.  We are told that, in the end, our environment will be better for the eyesores these proposals would create.

But will it be better?  Since “climate change” was still called “global warming”, media reports have told us that wind and solar—so called, renewable energy sources—are both clean and green.  The truth is, they are neither.

When one looks at a solar panel or a wind turbine, all that is evident is that they supply solar or mechanical (wind) energy to the grid, powering our homes and our businesses.
They seem to do so without producing any harmful byproducts.  Clean and green, right?

Clean energy technology requires a wide range of metals and minerals, such as aluminum, cobalt, copper, lithium, nickel, zinc, as well as rare earth minerals such as Scandium, Yttrium, Lanthanum and a host of others of which you probably have never heard and cannot pronounce.  They are largely obtained from mines in Africa, southeast Asia, and South America.

These mines are not like those for coal, with which you might be familiar.  Open pit mining must be used to extract these metals and minerals.  Such mines are considered very dangerous to both miners’ health as well as to the local ecology and hydrology because of the harmful pollutants that are produced.

Consider lithium, an important metal used in the construction of batteries for EVs.  Mining lithium causes extreme environmental damage since the extraction process requires lots of water.  The result is a toxic lake. which leads to surface- and ground- water contamination.

Diverse places such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda in Africa, China, Inner Mongolia, and South Korea in Asia, and Brazil and Chile in South America are plagued with pollution arising from open pit mining, done to retrieve components of renewable energy.

In addition to the environmental concerns, the mining process in these countries should also raise flags for those concerned with social justice issues.  Slave and child labor are often used by the Chinese Communist Party which owns the mines in the Democratic Republic of Congo.  Even those who willingly work in the mines suffer from extreme health hazards.

And we may not even know the true extent of the negative impact on our environment.  Italian researcher, Enrico Mariutti, examined the true carbon footprint of solar panels, wind turbines, and batteries and found that the extraction, production, and transportation associated with these so-called “green” energy technologies produce significant amounts of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. The nature and amount of the pollution created by these mines is reported by the mining companies themselves. Mariutti asks whether we would trust car manufacturers to certify emissions from their combustion engines or pharmaceutical companies to certify the safety of their drugs. Not likely.

He wrote “we are investing hundreds of billions of dollars a year in technologies that are low carbon only because someone wrote it down somewhere … there aren’t any national or international authorities who have bothered to understand on what basis and how this ‘paper knowledge’ was assembled.”

So, next time you see a wind turbine, a large solar panel, or an electric vehicle, think about the environmental damage that was wrought to mine the metals needed for their production, the energy that went into the mining and transport of the raw materials, and the health and social consequences of the miners who extract the necessary metals and minerals.

Are wind and solar energy really clean and green energy sources, or are they simply unreliable and expensive sources of intermittent energy?

Dr. David R. Legates is an Emeritus Professor at the University of Delaware and is the Director of Research and Education at the Cornwall Alliance for the Stewardship of Creation.  He also is an Advisory Board Member of A Better Delaware.

Retail Theft Costs All of Us

 By: Dennis Godek, Advisory Board Member, A Better Delaware

Delaware residents and businesses continue to suffer from the consequences of retail theft. In 2022, the total revenue lost to retail theft in Delaware was $285,000,000.00. Nationally, retail theft losses increased by 10.5% in the same year. When combined with losses from “Return Fraud”, Delaware businesses lost a total of $547,000,000.00 in 2022. While Delaware’s retail theft per capita rate is a little lower than the average among all states, the numbers are beyond unacceptable.

The ability of retailers to reduce retail theft has been seriously impacted by their reluctance to have employees apprehend and detain suspects due to the increase in violence directed towards employees. Many retailers, including national chains, now prohibit their employees from intervening during a shoplifting. In fact, across the country, employees apprehend shoplifters only 2% of the time.  As a result, it is not unusual to see criminals casually walk into an establishment, pick up whatever merchandise they want, and walk out of the store unabated.

Organized Retail Theft Crime is a major challenge for retailers, and for law enforcement. The retail crime epidemic has led to the initiation of criminal enterprises dealing in the purchase and sale of property stolen in retail thefts. Arrests have been made in Delaware, but the activity continues. In January and March of 2024, the Delaware State Police charged individuals with Organized Retail Theft in three separate cases in New Castle County and Sussex County. One of those charged was tied to multiple thefts in three states through surveillance camera footage. Three of those charged in Sussex County were found to be in possession of over $20,000.00 worth of stolen property. All three were from New York City. In 2017, the Delaware Department of Justice civilly sued multiple individuals for Racketeering for operating a $6,000,000.00 business which purchased property stolen in retail thefts, and then sold it to individuals.

Our criminal justice system has not adapted adequately to this serious crime problem. Incidents are often not reported and the consequences fall to the employees and business owners who bear the burden of these crimes. We have seen Target and Walmart, as well as Walgreens and CVS, close multiple stores in Delaware and across the country with retail theft as the primary reason. People lose their jobs, maybe their homes, and the taxpayers see an increase in unemployment compensation along with other economic effects.

The State of Pennsylvania saw an increase in retail theft between 2021 and 2022. The Pennsylvania Legislature took definitive action and passed a law in 2024 which indicates a sea change in the approach to retail theft prosecution. The law requires the appointment of a Deputy State Attorney General and the hiring of a team of prosecutors specifically focused on retail theft throughout the state.  The law also elevates Retail Theft to a felony level crime based on the amount of value of property stolen. This includes a Class 1 Felony for property stolen valued at more than $50,000.00. Under the law in Pennsylvania, a Class 1 Felony is punishable by a prison term of up to 20 years and a fine of up to $25,000.00. In the case of the NYC thieves captured in Sussex County, under the new Pennsylvania law, they would be guilty of a Class 2 Felony and would be subject to a prison term of up to 10 years and a fine of up to $25,000.00. This is the type of commitment to addressing retail theft we must see in Delaware.

Retail Theft may be considered a “non-violent” crime, even absent physical assaults, the consequences to businesses and employees are serious and life changing. Many of them will be sentenced to probation in our courts.  While some are attempting to legislate any consequences out of violating probation, and weakening probation to near irrelevance, we must advocate for holding criminals accountable for their actions.

Advances in technology, training for employees, collaboration with law enforcement, and efforts through business associations are all contributing to the battle against retail theft, but the criminal justice system must not be able to excuse their way out of their duty to effectively prosecute these criminals.

Dennis Godek previously served as a New Castle County Police Officer and as Assistant Chief of Career Services at the Christiana Fire Company. He currently serves as Chair of the New Castle County Fire and Ambulance Advisory Board, which is the liaison between county government and the Fire/EMS service in New Castle County. Godek is a founding member of the Delaware Statewide Active Assailant Committee, which includes Law Enforcement and Fire/EM

Navigating the Offshore Wind Minefield

By: Jane Brady, Chair, A Better Delaware

Remember the old western movies in which there’s been a drought, people are starving, the cows are dying, and the crops won’t grow? The hero would come in and “seed” the clouds to make it rain. The movie may have ended well, but the reality was, those efforts were never very successful. What is rain? It is an intermittent resource, provided by nature and which we cannot generate or control.

So, as well, are solar and wind intermittent resources. We cannot generate them; we cannot control them. When, and where, it blows or shines is outside our ability to control.

And yet, Delaware’s policy makers are feeling pretty super-human these days. In an effort to eliminate all sources of carbon dioxide (which we will not debate in this article), bills and policies are requiring our electric providers to utilize a greater and greater percentage of the power we use from wind and solar. The result is less reliable and more expensive electricity. Currently, these intermittent resources are backed up and supported by reliable sources such as coal, natural gas and nuclear power. But Delaware’s government wants that to end. To help ease the cost of compliance with these restrictive policies, the State is providing significant subsidies to the companies who provide this “green” electricity. They are putting our money where their mouth is.

Delaware used to generate much of the electricity we used here in our state. Now, because we are required by our policy makers to use an ever-expanding percentage of “green” sourced energy, we get nearly 90% of our electricity from outside the state, losing much of what we pay for as it dissipates in the distance it is transmitted. So, we are paying not just for the electricity we use, but also the electricity we lose as it travels to our state.

Recently, Senate Bill 265 was introduced to create a framework for wind farms off the coast of Delaware. There are promises of cost constraint, but we have seen how that has gone before. Additionally, there is little regard for what we, the citizens, want. As with the EV Mandate, there is a great deal of opposition to looking off our coast at 140 or so wind turbines. The Department of Natural Resources promises public hearings on the proposed regulations, but they, and the Governor, did not listen to us when they went right ahead with the EV Mandate, and they are just as focused on getting this wind farm. That was evident at an informational meeting I attended at Indian River High School this past week.

Speakers at the event confirmed the Governor’s stated intention to allow 4 large transmission cables to come ashore in our beloved state park at Three Rs beach. The Governor essentially offered that specific alternative because he can bypass public opposition and won’t need to secure the consent of any of the coastal towns that will be affected by the sight of offshore wind turbines and the transition of their beach into an industrial site.

What makes the Governor’s offer so much less palatable is that the cables that he proposes to bring ashore in our state park are for a Maryland wind farm project. And, apart from the destruction of a portion of our beautiful coast, the cables are intended to go to the old Indian River power plant, traveling only 3-7 feet below the ground, or should I say, mud of the bay. Boaters beware!

Our leaders no longer represent our views. They seem poised to disregard our concerns about our beautiful shoreline, property value losses, loss of tourism, and the costs. They are not dealing with the realities of the available technology (at least eight offshore wind projects have been pulled because they could not be commercially successful even with significant government subsidies), not looking at alternatives that are more cost effective and promote significant environmental advantages (onshore wind, carbon capture and nuclear), and intentionally disregard the fact that Delaware is meeting all federal air quality requirements.

And they are being careless with our money. Estimates are that household electric bills will rise by $230-$350 per year, and businesses will see costs rise by many thousands, even millions of dollars.

There will be public hearings on the wind farm proposed regulations. Prior to that, an informational session is scheduled for June 5, 2024, from 4-7 pm at Beacon Middle School. Plan to attend, Be seen. Be heard.

Jane Brady serves as Chair of A Better Delaware. She previously served as Attorney General of Delaware and as a Judge of the Delaware Superior Court.

 

Hospital Intrusion is not a lifesaving infusion of capital for Delawareans

By: Ruth Briggs King, Board Member, A Better Delaware

For years I was the only member of the Delaware General Assembly with any medical education or experience. I brought my insight and ideas to improve the quality of care, access to care, and avoid unnecessary interference that is costly or unnecessary.

As a result of my experience, I am very concerned about S1(Substitute 1) for HB 350, now pending in the General Assembly. This misguided legislation purports to create control over the State’s health care costs. What it clearly demonstrates is that some State law makers have misdiagnosed the problems with existing health care costs in Delaware. They are proposing to try to control the finances of a complex entity and private, non-profit community hospital which, by any other unqualified individual, would be considered malpractice. This bill will create a chilling effect on quality and patient centered care in our State. I call on our legislators to consider the ramifications of HB 350 and to vote “No” on this bill.

First and most importantly, the legislation has misplaced the blame for increasing health care costs on the hospitals. This effort is clearly simply a look at the bottom line and not intended to address many other significant issues in the delivery of health care in Delaware.

A candid look at past performance demonstrates that the State cannot appropriately manage the health care services it currently seeks to deliver, and therefore should not, in any way, intrude into our private health care system. There has been much media coverage and internal discussion about the problems and woes in the State run hospitals, such as the home for the chronically il, the veteran’s home and the correctional facilities health care. Despite years of poor performance, the State has not fixed their own health care delivery problems.

Hospitals do not operate in a vacuum or an isolated environment. They are not immune to the impact of escalating energy costs; wage increase demands and government regulation imposed by multiple State and Federal agencies. Additionally, our hospitals provide emergency care at no cost to those who are uninsured. And we, the people who are served by these hospitals, expect the best care, the latest technology, and the best outcomes. This all comes at a cost.

The legislators are blind to the impact the very legislation they pass has on the cost of healthcare and, therefore, the hospital community. Delaware’s expanded Medicaid eligibility provisions have forced Delaware taxpayers to pay $20-30 million more each year for the last 4-5 years. At the same time, the Medicaid reimbursement to the hospitals, as well as long term care facilities, has not accelerated to cover the costs. For example, a small community hospital in Sussex County loses money on each Medicaid newborn delivery. And they lack the volume of deliveries to make it “balance” the cost. Should they stop delivering babies? No, in fact, the hospital voted to continue the service at significant loss. Will the State cover the “loss” on those services? No. The State expects the hospitals to do more with less and then is critical of their budgets.

Let us be specific. Hospitals have to plan for increased demand. They hold aside reserves in anticipation of future construction and equipment needs. Would the proposed legislation affect these, and other, capital budgets or simply operational budgets? And what happens when real-time operational decisions have to be made? How could this arrangement “manage” a 20-car pileup on I95, or, worse, a pandemic, such as COVID?

Our current hospital boards are, generally, well governed and represent the community in which they are located. The remedy for increasing healthcare costs is less government intrusion and for lawmakers to understand how their decisions impact the cost of care and services. Healthcare and hospitals are not in a cloistered environment that protects them from escalating costs.

Hospital boards face complex decisions and need skill and expertise to make the sophisticated analysis to develop a strategic plan to serve the community. They anticipate population growth and need. Our Sussex County community hospitals recently established residency programs to address the lack of supply and high demand for primary care physicians. Furthermore, it is the hospitals that have sought and funded consulting firms to discuss the need for a medical school in Delaware. The State’s medical resources, including at DHSS, are severely inadequate and rely on the professionals and the local community boards to be the driving force for superior health care. Why would legislators seek to cripple a system that is not on life support?

Did anyone consider that hospitals get bonds to fund their projects based on operational performance and balance sheets? Legislative interference would stifle a hospital’s ability to grow and demonstrate the need for bonds to invest in healthcare expansion when needed.

No one is mentioning the liability and potential detriment of care. The hospitals absorb the risk and liability resulting from poor decisions or inadequate care. Will the new Commission accept the risk if their approved budget affects the hospital’s ability to provide the care, they believe is necessary?

Further, consider the message and effect on health-related industries, such as pharma and biotechnology industries in Delaware. After all, who is next?

Healthcare is more than a balance sheet. Our hospitals are forward thinking and continually investing in current and emerging issues. Did the legislators listen to the healthcare industry or work with hospital leadership to develop a path forward? If not, beware. Government intervention in our hospitals’ budgets is a slippery slope that will require emergency intervention, and resuscitation at a far greater cost to Delawareans than, I believe, the legislature anticipates.

Ruth Briggs King just retired from the Delaware General Assembly, where she served the 37th District, and the State, since 2009. She has extensive experience in finance, banking and organizational development and owns Workforce Solutions Today, LLC with her business partner. She recently joined the Advisory Board of A Better Delaware.

 

 

Are Health Care Benefits Intended for Veterans Being used to Benefit Illegal Immigrants?

By: Hon. William L. Witham, Jr., Advisory Board Member, A Better Delaware

Veteran benefits, including health care, are not just a nice perk for veterans. They are something earned through the service, and often sacrifice, of our armed forces, dedicated to defending our country.

Recently, there has been a lot of debate about access to appointments and health care provided to veterans, here in Delaware and around the country. There is a great deal of concern that the Department of Veteran Affairs (VA) is diverting resources from veterans to provide health care for illegal immigrants in the custody of Immigration and Custom Enforcement (ICE)

There has been a long-standing arrangement between the VA and ICE to process claims for illegal immigrant medical care. It is an interagency agreement with the VA and ICE Heath Services Corps (IHSC) to provide health care claim processing and referral services for illegal immigrant patients. The cost of the care is to come from the ICE budget. Although it has been in place since 2002, members of Congress, prior senior level VA administrators, border control agents were recently surprised to learn of this arrangement. When they became aware, they held hearings, and proposed legislation to be sure no resources are diverted to prevent or delay health care for our veterans.

Darin Selnick, who served as Veterans Affairs Adviser on the Domestic Policy Council during the Trump administration and also as a senior adviser to the VA Secretary, said the arrangement was a surprise to him and others he knew that served during the administration. He believes it would have been stopped if it were more widely known among officials. He further points out, “In my position, we would have stopped this, because if the VA had the extra ability to do this, then they should have been doing it for the veterans and not for another agency.”

It has been difficult to know exactly what the costs are, how they are adjusted, and whether VA health resources are diverted from veterans. The administration claims that the VA does not provide any funding for health care to ICE detainees. It claims that only 10 employees are funded by ICE – the same number that was funded in 2002. But the increase in numbers is staggering. In fiscal year 2021, ICE budgeted more than $74 million for payment to the VA for referral and medical claims processing. And, in fiscal year 2022, the VA staff processed 161,538 immigrant health care claims. These numbers call into question the claim that there are only 10 people at the VA handling these matters. At the same time, the VA reports that, in 2023, there was a backlog of 378,000 claims by veterans, and that they took an average of over 125 days to process. The VA expects the backlog to grow in 2024. It strains credibility to suggest that there has not been an adverse impact on veterans and their access to timely health care as immigrant claims seem to have been prioritized.

Further, the VA allows illegal immigrants to access the Community Care Network Providers, a system that allows veterans to receive care, covered by the VA, at non-VA facilities. The use of these centers is intended to provide more timely medical care to veterans. Adding additional demand on those resources necessarily affects access to care for our veterans.

All these circumstances lead to ever increasing pressure on federal resources, particularly the VA, to provide assistance to the unlimited inflow of immigrants. We cannot and should not divert the limited resources we have to provide health care to our veterans. They should be our first priority.

Witham is a retired Kent County Resident Judge who has served over 40 years in Delaware’s justice system. He is also a former leader in the US Army Reserve and National Guard with 34 years of service.

 

Delaware’s Labor Drought: Challenges and Solutions

By: Jane Brady, Chair, A Better Delaware 

We are all aware of the ridiculous amounts of money that the federal government was offering states during the pandemic. Many of those states, including Delaware, used the money to increase unemployment benefits, far exceeding any amounts paid in the past, and to continue those payments far longer. After the pandemic was declared to be over, our workforce was significantly smaller than before the pandemic. There are several reasons for that. Many workers enjoyed working from home and did not want to return to the office. More remarkably, in some instances, the worker would have had to take a pay cut to return to work. And, of course, expanded workers’ compensation payments were a big reason for that.

As time has gone on people are still leaving the workforce. According to WalletHub, in February 2024, Delaware has the highest rate of job resignations in the country. Last year, we were number 6 among all the states for job resignation rates.

Each year, the US government calculates the labor participation rate, which is the number of people over 16 years of age who are employed or actively seeking employment, divided by the total number of people in that population who are available or eligible to work or actively seek work. Students, retirees, disabled individuals or people who are voluntarily not interested in working are not included in that calculation. In Delaware, approximately 60% of all eligible and available workers are not seeking work, according to the Federal Reserve Economic Date (FRED).

So, against these facts, what has the government done to try and create incentives for people to go back to work? Well, actually, the government has acted counter to that objective. First, Delaware has continued increased unemployment payments, making it more feasible to not go back to work.

Are we administering those payments accurately and with good integrity to be sure those claiming unemployment meet the requirements to receive it? Were we careful with the literally, more than a billion dollars that passed through the unemployment office’s system? Well, we don’t know.

Delaware’s State Auditor, Lydia York, recently issued a report criticizing the financial management, or rather, the lack thereof, in Delaware’s unemployment insurance office. York identified a lack of oversight, outdated systems, and limited training of the staff, so severe that independent auditors could not even determine where all the money in the system came from. Employers pay into the unemployment insurance fund for the benefit of those employees who leave their workplace and are determined to be eligible to receive unemployment compensation. A great deal of money passed through the unemployment insurance fund as a result of the Covid pandemic and federal monies. In fact, $1.4 billion, according to the Delaware’s unemployment insurance office, was paid to over 100,000 people in the first two years of the pandemic. Poor training, the influx of significantly more money, expanded eligibility and an increase in claimants all served to overwhelm the capacity of the computer management systems and staff alike. It is not known how many people are receiving payments who should not be, and how much money those payments represent. Steps need to be taken to improve the hardware and better manage the monies paid into the fund by Delaware’s businesses.

Abut at least as significantly, Delaware’s occupational licensing requirements, which is a form of government regulation, affects workforce participation. Delaware has among the strictest licensing requirements for certain occupations in the country. These types of regulations have been found to deprive millions of Americans of opportunities and career advancement, and as a result, drive up the cost of goods and services. A recent report by the Institute for Justice found that the effects of licensing regulations impact particularly low-income Americans, who already struggle to find work and open small businesses. The training or classes to comply are expensive and take time to complete.

These regulations also limit employment mobility, especially across state lines. Delaware’s current shortages of teachers, doctors, nurses and other professional service workers has been attributed to outdated licensure requirements which are too restrictive. We all want capable and competent professionals in those jobs, but our requirements keep entirely capable and competent workers from locating here or advancing in their careers. One of the most recent examples is Naaman Center, which has been working for nearly a year with Delaware’s Health and Social Services Department to secure the certificates and licensure the agency requires to provide substance abuse treatment. This is an organization that has other facilities in Pennsylvania and has been in the business of providing treatment for over 2 decades.

Delaware needs to make a commitment to improve opportunities for workers in order for businesses to attract and retain quality employees, and for businesses to locate here and thrive. We have written about the shrinking economy in Delaware, many have written about the fact that our kids leave the state for better employment opportunities and there is much documentation about the shortages of professionals in our schools and hospitals. It is time for leadership in Delaware’s government to recognize we need to improve our schools, reduce regulation and red tape, and provide the kind of work and business climate that attracts and retains the best and brightest for the benefit of our citizens.

 Jane Brady serves as Chair of A Better Delaware. She previously served as Attorney General of Delaware and as a Judge of the Delaware Superior Court.

 

 

 

Students: A Hidden Homeless Population

By: Beth Conaway, Advisory Board Member, A Better Delaware

We have all seen pictures of homeless encampments, under bridges or on the streets in an urban downtown. But unfortunately, there are many homeless individuals that are not so evident to the public. One group of such individuals is students in our public schools.

These children are often displaced from stable housing by domestic violence, poverty or uninhabitable living situations, which could be the result of neglect by a landlord, but also often results from crime or other events that cause damage to their home.

During the 2021-2022 school year, the Delaware Department of Education identified 3,434 homeless students in Delaware. These students face a range of challenges that can impede their education and overall well-being. The Department of Education has worked to address those challenges.  The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act is a federal law that provides certain protections and support for homeless students. All public schools in Delaware must adhere to the provisions found in the Act.

The Delaware Department of Education defines homelessness as a lack of a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence. This includes children who make a temporary move to live with others as well as children who live in motels, hotels, campgrounds, transitional shelters, or public or private places that are not designed for, or ordinarily used, as a regular sleeping accommodation.

Every school district has one or more staff that is designated as a school liaison with these homeless students. The liaison is responsible to inform parents or guardians of educational and related opportunities that are available to their children.  This information includes services provided under the McKinney-Vento Act.

One of the main tenants of the Act is the term “school of origin”. Under the McKinney- Vento Act, a child or the parent or guardian has the right to request to remain in the same school they attended before they were displaced. This can result in long rides to and from schools and costly transportation expenses. For example, a student attending a school in Dover may become homeless and find temporary housing in Georgetown. When this occurs, the McKinney-Vento act requires a “Best Interest Meeting”, between school’s liaison, school personnel and the parents or guardians of the student.  Those guardians may very well be the state’s social workers if the student is at risk of harm and the state takes custody.  The meeting must be held before a student is removed from their current school and before any school placement decisions are made.  Its purpose is to ensure continuity in the child’s education.  Schools can provide transportation services such as picking up students at their homes in vans, providing bus passes or vouchers, and even offering flexible school start times to accommodate travel arrangements. This transportation is paid for by the original school district. In some cases, enrollment disputes occur between the families and the schools. These disputes are mediated in accordance with the Enrollment Disputes section of the McKinney-Vento Act.

Students who are classified as homeless are also entitled to additional services, such as immunizations, and many schools also have established food pantries, clothing closets, and hygiene product distribution programs.

Even with these supports, homelessness often disrupts academic progress and social connections.  According to the National Center on Family Homelessness, 75% of homeless elementary school students in Delaware perform below grade level in math and reading, and 85% of high school students do. They often also face health and safety risks associated with living in unstable or unsafe environments. In addition, stigma and social isolation may result due to their housing situation.

As a result, providing targeted responses and accommodations can help ensure that homeless students have the support they need to succeed academically and thrive despite their housing instability.  The cost for these supports is high and must be recognized by state and local officials to ensure that the necessary funds are present to support the students, the families, and the schools.

Beth Conaway is a former teacher, who served for eight years as Principal of the Morris Early Childhood Center and then as Principal of Milton Elementary School for five years. She retired after 31 years in the Delaware public school system. Currently she teaches graduate courses at the University of the Cumberlands and volunteers in the Indian River School District.

Balancing Chemical Regulations with Safety is Vital to the Health of Delaware’s Infrastructure and Economy

By: Jane Brady, Chair, A Better Delaware

In the world of construction, safety and innovation go hand in hand. Recognizing the critical role the construction industry plays in driving a robust and thriving economy, we must strike a balance between strong regulation grounded in science and fostering growth. Recent discussions about the EPA’s overreach in regulating chemicals, particularly formaldehyde, have sparked debates about the future of construction in our state. While ensuring the well-being of our workforce is paramount, it is essential to recognize that overregulating chemicals like formaldehyde could have detrimental effects on Delaware’s construction sector.

Formaldehyde is a chemical compound widely used in various construction materials, including plywood, insulation, and adhesives, because of its unique ability to strengthen materials and improve their durability.

Concerns have arisen about its potential health risks, particularly with prolonged exposure of workers to high levels of formaldehyde. Protecting the health and safety of construction workers is a top priority for the construction industry. We are committed to upholding the highest standards for worker well-being and safety. In our state, stringent regulations are already in place to monitor and limit exposure to substances, including formaldehyde. Companies are required to adhere to strict guidelines, conduct regular safety training, and provide protective gear to workers. We take these measures seriously, and we are continually working to improve them.

However, overregulating chemicals like formaldehyde could inadvertently harm based on flawed science the construction industry in Delaware in several ways. Firstly, excessive regulations can drive up production costs. When manufacturers are forced to invest in costly alternatives or redesign their products, these expenses are often passed down to contractors and, ultimately, the clients. Higher construction costs could lead to reduced economic activity, decreased job opportunities, and potentially hamper the growth of our industry.

Furthermore, overregulation can stifle innovation. The construction sector is continually evolving, and chemical compounds like formaldehyde play a crucial role in developing new, more efficient building materials. Restricting or banning such chemicals could hinder the development of sustainable and environmentally friendly construction materials vital in our journey toward a greener future. We must balance environmental concerns and fostering innovation within our industry.

In Delaware, we pride ourselves on our open dialogue and collaboration with regulatory agencies and environmental organizations. We believe that a balanced approach to chemical regulation is essential, one that considers the industry’s need for innovation and growth, while also ensuring the health and safety of our workforce and the environment. We must avoid knee-jerk reactions that could have unintended consequences.

It’s important that we support measures that promote responsible chemical management, worker safety, and environmental stewardship. However, we should urge policymakers to engage with industry experts, conduct comprehensive risk assessments that consider all of the science, and consider the broader implications of chemical regulations on our state’s construction sector and others.

Chemicals like formaldehyde are integral to the construction industry, offering durability and innovation while supporting job creation and economic growth. While it is crucial to prioritize worker safety and environmental health, overregulating these chemicals could have detrimental effects on our industry. We must work collaboratively to strike a balance that allows us to continue building a brighter future for Delaware while protecting our workers and the environment.

Jane Brady serves as Chair of A Better Delaware. She previously served as Attorney General of Delaware and as a Judge of the Delaware Superior Court.

 

We’re Not Ready, So What’s the Rush?

By Bob Ricker, Guest Contributor

On January 29, 1886, Carl Benz applied for a patent for his gasoline powered vehicle, creating the birth of the automobile. In 1901, Connecticut created the first statewide traffic laws. In 1910, New York introduced the first drunk driving laws. In 1950, Nash Motors included the first seat belts in American cars. But it was not until 1968 & 1970 when Federal Safety Standards were adopted and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) was established, setting and enforcing safety performance standards for motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment. Ultimately, with a product that was efficient, inexpensive, and profitable, it took American industry and the governing agencies nearly 85 years to smooth out the bumps in the gasoline automobile industry. What makes us now think we can do the same with the electric vehicle (EV) industry in 10-15 years?

EVs have been around for nearly 100 years as well, but unlike gas powered vehicles, repeated efforts at an efficient, cost effective or reliable product have failed.

But, regardless of the practicalities, there is a movement in our great State to force Delaware citizens down a path that is nowhere near ready to be traveled: The Electric Vehicle Mandate.

I will not comment on the political aspects of this decision, as I am not in politics. But I do have something to say regarding the negative impact of EV’s on the Delaware Fire Service. I will stick to the facts.

While the Delaware Volunteer Fire Service strives to keep up with the ever-changing job of just being a firefighter, we now find ourselves in a uniquely precarious situation. The electric vehicle industry presents the fire service with challenges that we are not 100% prepared to deal with properly, electric vehicle fires and electric vehicle accidents.

EV fires, most often originating in the batteries, are extremely dangerous, a risk to the environment and, many times, uncontrollable until they burn themselves out. They burn in a jet-engine like fashion and can easily explode, sometimes that happens in a garage and affects the entire dwelling.

In the event of an EV battery fire, fire companies must apply thousands of gallons of water to cool the batteries and to try to stop a very dangerous situation called “thermal runaway”. This occurs when one cell fails in the battery, producing heat, causing other cells to catch on fire and create an uncontrollable increase in temperature. Typically, a gas-powered vehicle fire only requires a few hundred gallons of water to extinguish. Furthermore, the runoff from these thousands of gallons of water can be highly toxic and may require environmental management.

I know there are those who will say that EV batteries are perfectly safe, and in a perfect world they are. But so is dynamite until you light it. Lithium-Ion batteries, which most EVs rely upon for power, are totally safe until a user either over-charges, over-draws, modifies or damages the cells, or the battery encounters a human being who tries to plug their EV charger in a 100’ 16/3 extension cord, because the cord on the charger isn’t long enough to reach around in back of their chest freezer in the garage.

The point is, misuse or failure to properly use EVs have consequences far more serious than we have seen with gas powered vehicles, and require different equipment, tactics, and safe response protocols, for which we have not yet been fully trained.

EV accidents put both the victim and the rescuer at risk and present other multi-faceted problems.
First, to the best of our knowledge, there does not exist across the board standards of the location, routing, color, and size of the high-voltage transmission lines sending the 600 volts of electricity to the drive units of the vehicle. This poses a life-threatening dilemma when the rescuers try to determine where to cut or pry to free a victim from the wreckage. Time is of the essence in these cases, and an incorrect choice or a delayed decision may cause a catastrophic event injuring or killing the firefighter or crash victim.

Finally, we all know the wonders that the “Jaws of Life” have achieved when used to extricate injured victims from a damaged vehicle, but there are serious issues with an EV and using the jaws of life. Spreading, Cutting or Ramming in the wrong place could result in damage to the battery, thus putting the rescuer and the victim further in harm’s way.

While there are several Facebook scribes who have endeavored to suggest solutions to these issues, they invariably lament “this procedure may not work on every EV” or “Refer to the Manufacturers ERG (Emergency Response Guide).” The fact remains there are no nationally approved tactics or strategies yet developed to get seriously trapped Delawareans out safely.

In defense of the auto industry, they are finally making strides to make the rescue process safer, but we still have quite a way to go.

Fortunately, EV incidents, so far, have been few due to the small amount of EV’s on the road but the forced mandate will result in a quick and significant growth in those numbers.

The Delaware Fire Service has always found a way to safeguard those we serve, and I am certain one day we will have the resources, skills and training to properly address EV challenges. But, in all candor, give us a fighting chance, what is the rush?

Bob Ricker joined the Georgetown Fire Company in 1975 and has served as Fire Chief, Deputy Chief, Assistant Chief, Vice-President and Board of Directors and currently serves as Secretary. Mr. Ricker served as Mayor of the Town of Georgetown for two terms, Vice-Mayor for one term and 5 years on the town’s planning Commission. In 1985, Mr. Ricker and his wife purchased the family business, Baker’s Hardware in Millsboro. Together they have transformed a small hardware store into one of the most successful Outdoor Power Equipment dealerships on the east coast.

 

 

 

 

Carbon Dioxide and Air Temperature: Who Leads and Who Follows?

Which came first:  The chicken or the egg?

By: David R. Legates

In the era of climate change, this age-old question has received a new facelift. Now it becomes—Which came first:  The rise in carbon dioxide or the rise in air temperature?

Since the dawn of climate change alarmism, we have been told that carbon dioxide is the driver of climate change. Increase carbon dioxide, and consequently, air temperature increases. So, if we decrease the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, it stands to reason that global warming will be abated. It’s just that simple.

Or is it? Many climatologists have noted that carbon dioxide is not the climate change driver alarmists purport it to be. An article in the Epoch Times suggests that a fixation on carbon dioxide ignores the real drivers of air temperature, which include the Sun and natural variability. But the idea that carbon dioxide is somehow the climate change control knob does not die easily.

In 2007, Laurie David and Cambria Gordon published a book entitled The Down-to-Earth Guide to Global Warming. It was billed as “from the producer of [Al Gore’s] An Inconvenient Truth comes a powerful, kid-friendly, and engaging book that will get kids get [sic] interested in the environment!”  On page 18, a flap instructs children to “lift to see how well CO2 and temperature go together.”  The graph that becomes exposed shows that as time passes over the last 650,000 years, “the more the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, the higher the temperature climbed…the less carbon dioxide, the more the temperature fell…by connecting rising CO2 to rising temperature scientists have discovered the link between greenhouse-gas pollution and global warming.”

The figure is from an article in Science by Fischer and colleagues in 1999.The problem is that the axes are mislabeled in The Down-to-Earth Guide—the air temperature axis is labelled “CO2 concentration in the atmosphere” while the carbon dioxide axis is labelled “climate temperature”. As the Science article noted, “High-resolution records from Antarctic ice cores show that carbon dioxide concentrations increased…600 ± 400 years after the warming of the last three deglaciations.”

Subsequent research has confirmed that carbon dioxide follows and does not lead to atmospheric air temperature. For example, in an article in Science in 2001, the authors include a graph that shows carbon dioxide concentrations following air temperature by a period of less than 1000 years. Another article in Science in 2003 concluded that “the CO2 increase lagged Antarctic deglacial warming by 800 ± 200 years”. A review paper in 2007 concluded that little evidence exists that greenhouse gases “have accounted for even as much as half of the reconstructed glacial-interglacial temperature changes”. Another paper in Science in 2007 wrote that the East Antarctica ice core “shows no indication that greenhouse gases have played a key role in such a coupling [with air temperature].”  A more recent study by W. Jackson Davis in 2017 concluded that “changes in atmospheric CO2 concentration did not cause temperature change in the ancient climate”.

I have been writing that CO2 is not a magic climate change control knob for more than a decade. Rather than being a pollutant, carbon dioxide is food for plants. This is good news for animal life and humans as well. We must stop the demonization of carbon dioxide and embrace its effects as the whole biosphere benefits from additional carbon dioxide.

David R. Legates is an emeritus professor at the University of Delaware and is the Director of Research and Education at the Cornwall Alliance for the Stewardship of Creation. He also is an Advisory Board Member of A Better Delaware.